July 1: Canada Day (1867); Republic Day in Ghana (1960); Independence Day in Rwanda (1962)
July 2: Feast day of Saints Martinian and Processus (Catholicism)
The Raft of the Medusa
July 3: Independence Day in Belarus (1944)
French destroyer Mogador
burning after British shellfire
July 4: Republic Day in the Philippines (1946); Independence Day in the United States (1776)
Bipolar junction transistor
July 6: Independence Day in Malawi (1964)
Breach of the Manchester Bolton & Bury Canal
Memorial service for the shot Dallas police officers
July 9: Independence Day in Argentina (1816) and South Sudan (2011)
July 10: Independence Day in the Bahamas (1973)
Lady Jane Grey
William Howard Taft
Japanese battleship Kawachi
July 14: Bastille Day in France (1789); Festino di Santa Rosalia begins in Palermo, Italy
Ruins of St Mark's Campanile after its collapse
Haile Selassie in 1970
July 17: Constitution Day in South Korea (1948); World Emoji Day
Damage caused by the Hyatt Regency walkway collapse
July 18: Tisha B'Av (Judaism, 2021)
Nadia Comăneci on the balance beam
- 1806 – A gunpowder magazine explosion in Birgu, Malta, killed an estimated 200 people.
- 1841 – Pedro II, the last Emperor of Brazil, having reigned in minority since 1831, was acclaimed, crowned and consecrated.
- 1949 – Francisco Javier Arana, Chief of the Armed Forces of Guatemala, was killed in a shootout with supporters of President Juan José Arévalo.
- 1976 – At the Olympic Games in Montreal, Nadia Comăneci (pictured) became the first person to score a perfect 10 in a modern Olympics gymnastics event.
- 1989 – American actress Rebecca Schaeffer was shot and killed by Robert John Bardo, eventually prompting the passage of anti-stalking laws in California.
July 19: Day of Arafah (Islam, 2021)
Detail from The Day the Earth Smiled, with Earth as a pale dot between Saturn's rings
July 20: First day of Eid al-Adha (Islam, 2021)
July 21: Belgian National Day (1831)
July 22: Marine Day in Japan (2021); Pi Approximation Day
Jules-Albert de Dion
July 23: Birthday of Haile Selassie (Rastafari); Sports Day in Japan (2021)
July 24: Tu B'Av (Judaism, 2021); Pioneer Day in Utah, United States (1847)
Khrushchev and Nixon debating
July 25: Republic Day in Tunisia (1957)
July 26: Independence Day in Liberia (1847)
L. L. Zamenhof
- 1759 – French and Indian War: Rather than defend Fort Carillon near present-day Ticonderoga, New York, from an approaching 11,000-man British force, French Brigadier General François-Charles de Bourlamaque withdrew his troops and attempted to blow up the fort.
- 1887 – L. L. Zamenhof (pictured) published Unua Libro, the first publication to describe Esperanto, a constructed international language.
- 1936 – The Canadian National Vimy Memorial, dedicated to the Canadian Expeditionary Force members killed during the First World War, was unveiled near Vimy, Pas-de-Calais, France.
- 2007 – After widespread controversy throughout Wales, Shambo, a black Friesian bull that had been adopted by the local Hindu community, was slaughtered due to concerns about bovine tuberculosis.
July 27: José Celso Barbosa Day in Puerto Rico
Madonna with members of her tour crew
July 29: Eid al-Ghadir (Shia Islam, 2021)
Cape Cod Canal
July 30: International Day of Friendship
July 31: Lā Hae Hawaiʻi (Flag Day) and Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (Sovereignty Restoration Day) in Hawaii (1843)