Roman colonnade at the site of the ancient town of Soli
The geographical location of the ancient city Soli of Cilicia in a modern map of Turkey. The red dot shows the position of Mersin. At the present scale, it coincides with the position of Soli which is slightly on the west.

Soli (Greek: Σόλοι, Soloi) was an ancient city and port in Cilicia, in present-day Turkey, a part of Mezitli municipality in Mersin. It was a colony of Rhodes, founded c. 700 BC. Soli was destroyed in the 1st century BC, and rebuilt by Pompey the Great.During his campaign against the Cilician Pirates, Pompey rebuilt the city and settled the pirates who vowed not to continue pirating. Thereafter, it was called Pompeiopolis (Greek: Πομπηιούπολις), not to be confused with the Pompeiopolis in Paphlagonia. The word solecism is derived from Soli, since the dialect of Greek spoken there was considered by Athenians to be a corrupted form of Attic Greek.[1]

Charles Robert Cockrell visited the site of 'Pompeiopolis' in June 1813. Examination of his travel intinery and the archaeological remains present along the coastline of southern Turkey, suggests that Soloi-Pompeiopolis is located at Elaiussa-Sebaste.[2]

Notable natives

  • Philemon (c. 362 BC – c. 262 BC) was a Greek poet of the New Comedy.
  • Aratus of Soli (c. 315 BC/310 BC – c. 240 BC) was a Greek didactic poet.
  • Athenodorus of Soli (c. 3rd Century BC), Stoic philosopher
  • Chrysippus of Soli (c. 279 BC – c. 206 BC) was a Greek Stoic philosopher.
    1. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Soli (Asia Minor)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
    2. ^ Cockrell, Charles (1817). Travels in Southern Europe and the Levant, 1810-1817. The Journal of C. R. Cockrell. Longmans, Green & Co. p. 189.

    Coordinates: 36°44′31″N 34°32′24″E / 36.74194°N 34.54000°E / 36.74194; 34.54000