U-9 ready for patrol.
|Ordered:||15 July 1908|
|Builder:||Kaiserliche Werft, Danzig|
|Launched:||22 February 1910|
|Commissioned:||18 April 1910|
|Fate:||Surrendered 26 November 1918. Broken up at Morecambe in 1919.|
|Class and type:||German Type U 9 submarine|
|Height:||7.05 m (23 ft 2 in)|
|Draught:||3.13 m (10 ft 3 in)|
|Test depth:||50 m (160 ft)|
|Boats & landing |
|Complement:||4 officers, 25 enlisted|
U-9 had an overall length of 57.38 m (188 ft 3 in), her pressure hull was 48 m (157 ft 6 in) long. The boat's beam was 6 m (19 ft 8 in) (o/a), while the pressure hull measured 3.65 m (12 ft 0 in). She had a draught of 3.13 m (10 ft 3 in) with a total height of 7.05 m (23 ft 2 in). The boat displaced 493 t (485 long tons) when surfaced and 611 t (601 long tons) when submerged.
U-9 was fitted with two Körting 8-cylinder plus two Körting 6-cylinder two-stroke petrol engines with a total of 1,000 metric horsepower (735 kW; 986 bhp) for use on the surface and two Siemens-Schuckert double-acting electric motors plus two electric motors with a total of 1,160 PS (853 kW; 1,144 shp) for underwater use. These engines powered two shafts, each with a 1.45 m (4.8 ft) propeller, which gave the boat a top surface speed of 14.2 knots (26.3 km/h; 16.3 mph), and 8.1 knots (15.0 km/h; 9.3 mph) when submerged. Cruising range was 1,800 nautical miles (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) on the surface, and 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) under water. Diving depth was 50 m (164 ft 1 in).
The U-boat was armed with four 50 cm (20 in) torpedo tubes, two fitted in the bow and two in the stern, and carried 6 torpedoes. Originally, the boat was equipped with a machine gun, which was augmented with a 3.7 cm (1.5 in) Hotchkiss gun when war broke out in 1914. In 1915, an additional 5 cm (2.0 in) gun was fitted. When U-9 underwent a major refit in 1916, two mine-laying rails were added, which were later removed again. The boat's complement was 4 officers and 31 enlisted.
On 16 July 1914, the crew of U-9 reloaded her torpedo tubes while submerged, the first time any submarine had succeeded in doing so. On 1 August 1914, Kapitänleutnant Otto Weddigen took command. On 22 September, while patrolling the Broad Fourteens, a region of the southern North Sea, U-9 found a squadron of three obsolescent British Cressy-class armoured cruisers (HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue, and HMS Cressy, sardonically nicknamed the "Live Bait Squadron"), which had been assigned to prevent German surface vessels from entering the eastern end of the English Channel. She fired four of her torpedoes, reloading while submerged, and sank all three in less than an hour. 1,459 British sailors died. It was one of the most notable submarine actions of all time. Members of the Admiralty who had considered submarines mere toys no longer expressed that opinion after this event.
On 15 October, U-9 sank the protected cruiser HMS Hawke. On 12 January 1915, Johannes Spieß relieved Weddigen, and commanded U-9 until 19 April 1916. During this period, she sank 13 ships totalling 8,635 GRT: 10 small fishing vessels and three British steamers (Don, Queen Wilhelmina and Serbino).
After April 1916, she was withdrawn from front-line duties to be used for training.
|Date||Ship Name||Nationality||Tonnage[Note 1]||Fate|
|22 September 1914||HMS Aboukir||United Kingdom||12,000||Sunk|
|22 September 1914||HMS Cressy||United Kingdom||12,000||Sunk|
|22 September 1914||HMS Hogue||United Kingdom||12,000||Sunk|
|15 October 1914||HMS Hawke||United Kingdom||7,350||Sunk|
|3 May 1915||Bob White||United Kingdom||191||Sunk|
|3 May 1915||Coquet||United Kingdom||176||Sunk|
|3 May 1915||Hector||United Kingdom||179||Sunk|
|3 May 1915||Hero||United Kingdom||173||Sunk|
|3 May 1915||Iolanthe||United Kingdom||179||Sunk|
|3 May 1915||Northward Ho||United Kingdom||180||Sunk|
|3 May 1915||Progress||United Kingdom||273||Sunk|
|4 May 1915||Rugby||United Kingdom||205||Sunk|
|5 May 1915||Straton||United Kingdom||198||Sunk|
|6 May 1915||Merrie Islington||United Kingdom||147||Sunk|
|8 May 1915||Don||United Kingdom||939||Sunk|
|8 May 1915||Queen Wilhelmina||United Kingdom||3,590||Sunk|
|16 August 1915||Serbino||United Kingdom||2,205||Sunk|
|5 November 1915||Dagö (n.4)||Russian Empire||1,080||Sunk|