Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic
Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky
Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg
Igor Matovič.jpg
Incumbent
Igor Matovič

since 21 March 2020
Member ofEuropean Council
Residence Episcopal Summer Palace
AppointerPresident of the Republic
Term lengthDepending on the support of the National Council
Inaugural holderŠtefan Sádovský
Formation2 January 1969
Salaryc. 61,919 annually[1]
Websitehttp://www.vlada.gov.sk/

The Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky), also known as the Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak: Premiér), is the head of the government of the Slovak Republic. On paper, the officeholder is the third highest constitutional official in Slovakia after the President of the Republic (appointer) and Speaker of the National Council; in practice, the appointee is the country's leading political figure.

Since the creation of the office in 1969, thirteen persons have served as head of government. Since 1993, when Slovakia gained independence, six persons have occupied the function. On 21 March 2020, Igor Matovič became Prime Minister of Slovakia.

History

The office of Prime Minister of Slovakia was established in 1969 by the Constitutional Act on the Czechoslovak Federation. A similar office had existed from 1918 when various officials were presiding over executive bodies governing the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia or the Slovak State respectively. Since 1993, when the independent Slovak Republic was established, there have been six persons to hold the office. Since 2020, the Prime Minister of Slovakia has been Igor Matovič.

Powers and role

Since Slovakia is a parliamentary republic the Prime Minister is accountable to the National Council. The Slovak Constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each Prime Minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the Prime Minister loses the confidence, the President is obliged to dismiss him and designate a new Prime Minister or entrust the dismissed Prime Minister to act as a caretaker with limited powers.

The Prime Minister is the most powerful office in state, since he commands and presides over the Government. Although it is not the Prime Minister but the President who appoints Ministers in Cabinet, the President appoints Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak: designovaný predseda vlády) is an unofficial title for a person who has been entrusted by the President of the Slovak Republic with forming a new government and replacing the outgoing Prime Minister. This title, as well as the authorization of the president to entrust the designated PM, is not set by an act but is a legal or, more precisely, constitutional tradition. According to this tradition, the President designates a person who has support of the majority of deputies in the National Council.

List of Prime Ministers of Slovakia

Minister plenipotentiary for administration of Slovakia

Land President of Slovakia

Statistics

# Prime Minister Date of birth Age at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Mečiar, VladimírVladimír Mečiar 19420726July 26, 1942(July 26, 1942) 49 33449 years, 334 days 05 2215 years, 221 days 56 09656 years, 96 days Living 28,37077 years, 246 days (Living)
2 Moravčík, JozefJozef Moravčík 19450319March 19, 1945(March 19, 1945) 49 36149 years, 361 days 00 2730 years, 273 days 50 26950 years, 269 days Living 27,40375 years, 9 days (Living)
3 Dzurinda, MikulášMikuláš Dzurinda 19550204February 4, 1955(February 4, 1955) 43 26843 years, 268 days 07 2477 years, 247 days 51 15051 years, 150 days Living 23,79465 years, 53 days (Living)
4 Fico, RobertRobert Fico 19640915September 15, 1964(September 15, 1964) 41 29241 years, 292 days 09 3569 years, 356 days 53 4653 years, 46 days Living 20,28355 years, 195 days (Living)
5 Radičová, IvetaIveta Radičová 19561207December 7, 1956(December 7, 1956) 53 21353 years, 213 days 01 2711 year, 271 days 55 11955 years, 119 days Living 23,12263 years, 112 days (Living)
6 Pellegrini, PeterPeter Pellegrini 19751006October 6, 1975(October 6, 1975) 42 16742 years, 167 days 01 3651 year, 365 days 44 16644 years, 166 days Living 16,24544 years, 174 days (Living)
7 Matovič, IgorIgor Matovič 19730511May 11, 1973(May 11, 1973) 46 31546 years, 315 days 00 0037 days (ongoing) Incumbent Living 17,12346 years, 322 days (Living)

References

  1. ^ "IG.com Pay Check". IG.

See also