Several governors, lieutenant governors and administrators pose with the President, Vice President and Prime Minister of India during the 49th Governors' Conference, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi, in June 2018.

In the Republic of India, a governor is the constitutional head of each of the twenty-nine states. The governor is appointed by the President of India for a term of five years, and holds office at the President's pleasure. The governor is de jure head of the state government; all its executive actions are taken in the governor's name. However, the governor must act on the advice of the popularly elected council of ministers, headed by the chief minister, which thus holds de facto executive authority at the state-level. The Constitution of India also empowers the governor to act upon his or her own discretion, such as the ability to appoint or dismiss a ministry, recommend President's rule, or reserve bills for the President's assent. Over the years, the exercise of these discretionary powers have given rise to conflict between the elected chief minister and the central government–appointed governor.[1]

The union territories of Andaman and Nicobar, Delhi and Puducherry are headed by lieutenant-governors. Since Delhi and Puducherry have a measure of self-government with an elected legislature and council of ministers, the role of the lieutenant-governor there is a mostly ceremonial one, akin to that of a state's governor. The other four union territories—Chandigarh; Dadra and Nagar Haveli; Daman and Diu; and Lakshadweep—are governed by an administrator. Unlike the administrators of other territories, who are drawn from the Indian Administrative Service, since 1985 the Governor of Punjab has also been the ex-officio Administrator of Chandigarh.

Current governors of states

State
(past governors)
Name[2] Portrait Took office
(tenure length)
Ref.
Andhra Pradesh
(list)
E. S. L. Narasimhan Governor of Andhra Pradesh E.S.L. Narasimhan.jpg 28 December 2009
(8 years, 321 days)
[3]
Arunachal Pradesh
(list)
B. D. Mishra
Governor of Arunachal Pradesh B.D. Mishra.jpg 3 October 2017
(1 year, 42 days)
[4]
Assam
(list)
Jagdish Mukhi Lt. Governor of Andaman & Nicobar Islands Prof. Jagdish Mukhi.jpg 10 October 2017
(1 year, 35 days)
[5]
Bihar
(list)
Lalji Tandon
Lalji Tandon at the release event of his book, 'Ankaha Lucknow'.jpg 23 August 2018
(83 days)
[6]
Chhattisgarh
(list)
Anandiben Patel
(additional charge)
Chief Minister of Gujarat Anandiben Patel.jpg 15 August 2018
(91 days)
[7]
Goa
(list)
Mridula Sinha Governor of Goa Mridula Sinha.jpg 31 August 2014
(4 years, 75 days)
[8]
Gujarat
(list)
Om Prakash Kohli Om Prakash Kohli on 3 October 2016.jpg 16 July 2014
(4 years, 121 days)
[9]
Haryana
(list)
Satyadev Narayan Arya Satyadev Narayan Arya in August 2018.JPG 25 August 2018
(81 days)
[10]
Himachal Pradesh
(list)
Acharya Dev Vrat Acharya Dev Vrat in December 2015.jpg 12 August 2015
(3 years, 94 days)
[11]
Jammu and Kashmir
(list)
Satya Pal Malik Governor of Bihar Satya Pal Malik.jpg 23 August 2018
(83 days)
[12]
Jharkhand
(list)
Draupadi Murmu Draupadi Murmu in December 2016.jpg 18 May 2015
(3 years, 180 days)
[13]
Karnataka
(list)
Vajubhai Vala Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala.jpg 1 September 2014
(4 years, 74 days)
[14]
Kerala
(list)
P. Sathasivam Governor of Kerala P. Sathasivam.jpg 5 September 2014
(4 years, 70 days)
[15]
Madhya Pradesh
(list)
Anandiben Patel Chief Minister of Gujarat Anandiben Patel.jpg 23 January 2018
(295 days)
[16]
Maharashtra
(list)
C. Vidyasagar Rao Governor of Maharashtra C. Vidyasagar Rao.jpg 30 August 2014
(4 years, 76 days)
[17]
Manipur
(list)
Najma Heptulla Governor of Manipur Najma Heptulla.jpg 21 August 2016
(2 years, 85 days)
[18]
Meghalaya
(list)
Tathagata Roy
Tathagata Roy.jpg 25 August 2018
(81 days)
[19]
Mizoram
(list)
Kummanam Rajasekharan Kummanam Rajasekharan (cropped).jpg 29 May 2018
(169 days)
[20]
Nagaland
(list)
Padmanabha Acharya Governor of Tripura Padmanabha Balakrishna Acharya.jpg 19 July 2014
(4 years, 118 days)
[21]
Odisha
(list)
Ganeshi Lal
Governor of Odisha Ganeshi Lal at the Puri Rath Yatra.jpg 29 May 2018
(169 days)
[22]
Punjab
(list)
V. P. Singh Badnore Governor of Punjab and Administrator of U.T. Chandigarh V. P. Singh Badnore.jpg 22 August 2016
(2 years, 84 days)
[23]
Rajasthan
(list)
Kalyan Singh Kalyan Singh 2.jpg 4 September 2014
(4 years, 71 days)
[24]
Sikkim
(list)
Ganga Prasad Governor of Meghalaya Ganga Prasad in July 2018.JPG 26 August 2018
(80 days)
[25]
Tamil Nadu
(list)
Banwarilal Purohit
Governor of Assam Banwarilal Purohit.jpg 6 October 2017
(1 year, 39 days)
[26]
Telangana
(list)
E. S. L. Narasimhan
(additional charge)
Governor of Andhra Pradesh E.S.L. Narasimhan.jpg 2 June 2014
(4 years, 165 days)
[27]
Tripura
(list)
Kaptan Singh Solanki Governor of Punjab and Haryana and Administrator of Chandigarh, Prof. Kaptan Singh Solanki.jpg 25 August 2018
(81 days)
[28]
Uttar Pradesh
(list)
Ram Naik Governor of Uttar Pradesh Ram Naik.jpg 22 July 2014
(4 years, 115 days)
[29]
Uttarakhand
(list)
Baby Rani Maurya The Governor of Uttarakhand, Baby Rani Maurya.jpg 26 August 2018
(80 days)
[30]
West Bengal
(list)
Keshari Nath Tripathi Governor of West Bengal Keshari Nath Tripathi.jpg 24 July 2014
(4 years, 113 days)
Office and union territory
(past officeholders)
Name[32] Portrait Took office
(tenure length)
Ref
Lieutenant Governor of
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(list)
Devendra Kumar Joshi Lieutenant Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Devendra Kumar Joshi.jpg 8 October 2017
(1 year, 37 days)
[33]
Administrator of
Chandigarh
(list)
V. P. Singh Badnore Governor of Punjab and Administrator of U.T. Chandigarh V. P. Singh Badnore.jpg 22 August 2016
(2 years, 84 days)
[23]
Administrator of
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
(list)
Praful Khoda Patel
(additional charge)
Administrator of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Praful Khoda Patel.jpg 30 December 2016
(1 year, 319 days)
[34]
Administrator of
Daman and Diu
(list)
Praful Khoda Patel Administrator of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Praful Khoda Patel.jpg 29 August 2016
(2 years, 77 days)
[35]
Lieutenant Governor of
Delhi
(list)
Anil Baijal Lieutenant Governor of Delhi Anil Baijal.jpg 31 December 2016
(1 year, 318 days)
[36]
Administrator of
Lakshadweep
(list)
Farooq Khan Administrator of Lakshadweep Farooq Khan (cropped).jpg 6 September 2016
(2 years, 69 days)
[37]
Lieutenant Governor of
Puducherry
(list)
Kiran Bedi Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry Kiran Bedi.jpg 29 May 2016
(2 years, 169 days)