Independence Day
Stamps of Azerbaijan, 1996-394.jpg
A stamp celebrating the 5th anniversary of independence
Observed by Azerbaijan
SignificanceThe day the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR in 1991.
CelebrationsFireworks, Concerts, Parades
Date18 October 1991
Next time18 October 1991 (1991-10-18)

The Independence Day of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan:Azərbaycanın müstəqillik günü) is the main state holiday in Azerbaijan. It is celebrated annually on October 18. On this day in 1991, the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan adopted a Constitutional Act on the Declaration of Independence of Azerbaijan. The declaration was confirmed by a referendum in December 1991.[1][2][3][4]


The second parade of independent Azerbaijan was held on Azadliq Square on October 9, 1992 in commemoration of the one year anniversary of the establishment of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces, and was held also in connection with the anniversary of the restoration of independence. The 5-year anniversary celebrations of 1996 were the first major celebrations of the holiday.[5] In 1998, the inauguration of Heydar Aliyev coincided with the celebration of Independence Day.[6][7] In 2020, Canada's Niagara Falls were lit up in colours of Azerbaijani flag to mark Independence Day.[8] That same year, a Turkish delegation led by Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey Mustafa Sentop visited Baku to participate in the celebrations, in a show of support for Azerbaijan after the Ganja ballistic missile attacks.[9]


See also