In the Hosseini infancy conference, babies wear green or white clothing like that of Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn and have a headband with his name on it.
Muharram in cities and villages of Iran-342 16 (105).jpg

The Hosseini infancy conference (Persian: همایش شیرخوارگان حسینی) is a mourning custom of the Day of Ashura. It is held on the first Friday of Muharram in the Islamic calendar to commemorate the memory of Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn, the six-month-old baby boy of Husayn ibn Ali and Umm Rubab,[1][2] who was the youngest person killed in the Battle of Karbala.

Aim of the conference

Baby in his mother's arms in Hosseini infancy conference in Iran

According to a report by Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting, the aim of holding the Hosseini infancy conference is to promote the teaching of Ashura.[3]

Time and place

The first conference was held in 2003, and after that mourners have congregated every year on the first Friday of Muharram throughout Iran and in 43 other countries including Iraq, Pakistan, Bahrain, India, and Turkey.[3]

The 2018 Hosseini infancy conference is being held in Musalla, Tehran and other cities such as Mashhad,[4][5] Alborz,[6] Khorramabad,[7] and Qom in the Jamkaran mosque.[8]

Clothing

At the conference, mothers dress their babies in special green and white clothes, which are said to resemble the clothing of Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn. Babies also wear a headband with the name of Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn written on it.[3]

Places

Each first Friday of Muharram in Iran and other countries, mothers and their babies receive Alavi's green gown and scarf and the forehead band of Ya Sahebazzaman upon their arrival in the conference. They will then mourn Ali Asghar's infant death at Karbala. In 2003, the first ceremony was held in Tehran. Other cities of Iran and other countries have been holding the ceremony ever since.[9][10]

  • 2003: Tehran (the first year)
  • 2004: Tehran, Mashhad, Qom, Karbala, Najaf, Bahrain
  • 2005: 54 cities of Iran and 21 cities elsewhere
  • 2006: 112 cities of Iran and 30 cities elsewhere
  • 2007: 213 cities of Iran and 43 cities elsewhere
  • 2008: 400 cities of Iran and 59 cities elsewhere
  • 2009: 550 cities of Iran and 70 cities elsewhere
  • 2010: 970 points of Iran and 87 cities elsewhere
  • 2011: 1550 points of Iran and 110 cities in the five continents
  • 2011: 2000 points of Iran and 220 cities in the five continents
  • 2012: 2050 points of Iran and 222 cities in the five continents
  • 2013: 2075 points of Iran and 225 cities in the five continents
  • 2014: 2500 points of Iran and 230 cities in the five continents

Countries

The ceremony is held in these countries: