Bill Rieflin in 2012
|Birth name||William Frederick Rieflin|
|Born||September 29, 1960|
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
|Died||March 24, 2020(aged 59)|
|Genres||Industrial, experimental rock, alternative rock, heavy metal, progressive rock|
|Instruments||Drums, keyboards, guitar, bass|
|Associated acts||Ministry, R.E.M., Sweet 75, Revolting Cocks, KMFDM, Pigface, Nine Inch Nails, King Crimson, Robbie Williams|
William Frederick Rieflin (September 29, 1960 – March 24, 2020) was an American musician. Rieflin came to prominence in the 1990s mainly for his work as a drummer with groups (particularly in the industrial rock and industrial metal scenes) such as Ministry, the Revolting Cocks, Lard, KMFDM, Pigface, Swans, Chris Connelly, and Nine Inch Nails. He worked regularly with R.E.M. following the retirement of Bill Berry in 1997. He was a member of King Crimson from 2013 until his death in 2020.
Rieflin began his professional career in his hometown of Seattle. In 1975, he was in The Telepaths, a band which played backup for a couple of live gigs by the pre-The Screamers band The Tupperwares. He played drums for The Blackouts starting in 1979. His bandmates included Mike Davidson, Paul Barker, Roland Barker and Erich Werner. Eventually that band dissolved and Paul Barker joined the nascent Ministry. His earliest collaboration with Al Jourgensen was on the second single by the Revolting Cocks, You Often Forget.
Later, he participated in the creation of Ministry's album The Land of Rape and Honey, and was noted for his performance in the live video In Case You Didn't Feel Like Showing Up (alongside fellow drummer Martin Atkins). His work with Ministry and its side projects lasted through to the mid-nineties, though he noted that he was never credited as a member of Ministry proper, always as an "other" musician. Therefore, when he parted ways with the band during the Filth Pig sessions, he did not really quit since he was never an official member.
Rieflin helped Atkins kick off Pigface, the industrial collective that would grow to incorporate hundreds of artists, formed a friendship with labelmate Chris Connelly and founded First World Music. Like Connelly, Rieflin's work grew beyond his industrial roots. They have collaborated on several recordings; two in particular, The Ultimate Seaside Companion (as "The Bells") and Largo, showcase Rieflin's keyboard skills.
Rieflin's solo debut, Birth of a Giant featured him singing in something other than a background role, and also featured Robert Fripp. Improvisations from these sessions turned up later on the CD The Repercussions of Angelic Behavior, which was credited to Rieflin, Fripp and Trey Gunn.
Rieflin appeared on all KMFDM records released from 1995 to 2003 as a drummer, programmer, vocalist and keyboardist. He toured with the band as a bassist in 2002 in support of its comeback album, Attak and performed on the 2011 KMFDM album, WTF?!. He also drummed for Scott McCaughey's band, The Minus 5, which occasionally included guitarist Peter Buck. Eventually Buck offered Rieflin the opportunity to sit in with R.E.M., who were missing a permanent drummer since the 1997 departure of Bill Berry. The band gave him the live drummer slot in its 2003 tour. They later announced that Rieflin would fill the role indefinitely, though once again as a hired musician rather than as an official member. In recordings, Rieflin also contributed bouzouki, keyboards and guitars to the group, serving as an auxiliary member until R.E.M. disbanded in 2011.
Rieflin formed an experimental ensemble under the name Slow Music in 2005 (including Fripp and Buck) in which he played synthesizers rather than drums. The group played a small handful of live dates in 2005 and 2006 and became inactive for several years. He was also involved in a music collaboration project entitled The Humans, which consisted of him, Chris Wong, Fripp and Toyah Willcox. The band performed a series of live dates in Estonia in Autumn 2007 and 2009, and released their debut album We are the Humans in 2009. Hector Zazou's 2010 album Corps Electriques featured Rieflin, as well as KatieJane Garside, Lone Kent and nu-jazz trumpeter Nils Petter Molvær.
Rieflin was a regular contributor to Swans ever since the 1995 album The Great Annihilator, and played an array of instruments on all their studio recordings since the band reformed in 2010 and released My Father Will Guide Me up a Rope to the Sky. Rieflin is listed as an "honorary Swan" on the band's 2012 album The Seer.
In an online diary entry dated September 6, 2013, Robert Fripp announced a new lineup for King Crimson that included Rieflin as one of the band's three drummers. A few days after the first full-length live release of the band with Rieflin on board (Live in Toronto 2015), Fripp announced Rieflin's decision to take a sabbatical from the band, effective March 6, 2016, "a decision supported by all the Crimson Brothers." In early 2017, Fripp announced that Rieflin would be returning alongside his replacement, Jeremy Stacey. Due to Fripp's desire to stave off complacency after several years of touring, Rieflin "will be focusing on mellotron, keys and fairy dusting, rather than using drums as a main instrument" in the new Double Quartet configuration, thus becoming the band's first full-time keyboardist ever. For the US Autumn 2017 tour dates in October–November, he was replaced by the Seattle-based musician Chris Gibson. He rejoined in 2018 before taking another indefinite sabbatical in 2019.
Rieflin was married to painter Francesca Sundsten until her death in 2019. Albums made by groups Rieflin has been part of have featured her artwork on their covers, such as Pigface's Gub, KMFDM's Nihil, Filthy Friends' Invitation and King Crimson's Radical Action to Unseat the Hold of Monkey Mind. Rieflin died on March 24, 2020 from cancer at the age of 59.
|Indicates a live release|
|1988||Ministry||The Land of Rape and Honey||Drums, programming, keyboards, guitar, background vocals|||
|1988||Revolting Cocks||Live! You Goddamned Son of a Bitch||Drums|||
|1989||Ministry||The Mind Is a Terrible Thing to Taste||Drums, programming, background vocals|||
|1990||Revolting Cocks||Beers, Steers, and Queers||Drums, programming|||
|1990||Ministry||In Case You Didn't Feel Like Showing Up||Drums|||
|1990||Lard||The Last Temptation of Reid||Drums (two tracks)|||
|1990||1000 Homo DJs||"Supernaut"||Drums|||
|1990||KMFDM||Naïve||Drums (one track)|||
|1991||Pigface||Gub||Drums, guitar, bass, synthesizer, sounds|||
|1991||Pigface||Lean Juicy Pork||Interviewee|||
|1992||Ministry||Psalm 69: The Way to Succeed and the Way to Suck Eggs||Drums|||
|1992||Revolting Cocks||Big Sexy Land||Drums|||
|1992||Pigface||Welcome to Mexico... Asshole||Drums|||
|1993||Revolting Cocks||Linger Ficken' Good||Drums, organ, programming, production|||
|1995||Swans||The Great Annihilator||Drums, sounds, percussion, 12-string acoustic guitar, sequencing|||
|1995||KMFDM||Nihil||Drums (three tracks)|||
|1995||Michael Gira||Drainland||Rhythm programming, keyboards, electric bass guitar, samples, engineering, production, arrangement, studio provision|||
|1996||Ministry||Filth Pig||Drums (one track)|||
|1996||Swans||Soundtracks for the Blind||Drums|||
|1997||Lard||Pure Chewing Satisfaction||Drums|||
|1997||KMFDM||Symbols||Drums, programming, percussion, photography, sequencing (three tracks)|||
|1999||Angels of Light||New Mother||Percussion, piano, bass guitar, organ, synthesizers, acoustic guitar, backing vocals|||
|1999||KMFDM||Adios||Programming (one track)|||
|1999||Nine Inch Nails||The Fragile||Drums (one track)|||
|1999||Bill Rieflin||The Repercussions of Angelic Behavior||Drums, mixing|||
|1999||Bill Rieflin||Birth of a Giant||Drums, bass, guitar, production, vocals|||
|2000||Lard||70's Rock Must Die||Drums (one track)|||
|2001||Bill Rieflin & Chris Connelly||Largo||Keyboards, mixing, piano, production, vocals|||
|2002||KMFDM||Attak||Drums, bass, programming, synthesizers, percussion, guitar|||
|2003||KMFDM||Sturm & Drang Tour 2002||Bass|||
|2003||KMFDM||WWIII||Drums, vocals, loops (three tracks)|||
|2004||R.E.M.||Around the Sun||Drums, percussion|||
|2006||Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3||Olé! Tarantula||Choir, drums, percussion|||
|2007||Angels of Light||We Are Him||Drums, bass, guitar, organ, percussion, piano, synthesizers|||
|2009||Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3||Goodnight Oslo||Drums, vocal harmony, vocals|||
|2009||The Humans||We Are the Humans||Drums, bass, synthesizers, organ, production|||
|2009||R.E.M.||Live at the Olympia||Drums|||
|2010||Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3||Propellor Time||Drums|||
|2010||Swans||My Father Will Guide Me up a Rope to the Sky||Drums, piano, guitar, synthesizers, organ, vocals|||
|2011||R.E.M.||Collapse into Now||Drums, bouzouki, keyboards, guitar|||
|2011||KMFDM||WTF?!||Engineering, sounds (one track)|||
|2011||The Humans||Sugar Rush||Percussion, keyboards, bass, production|||
|2012||Swans||The Seer||Drums, piano, organ, guitar, percussion, synthesizers, bass, vocals|||
|2013||Taylor Swift||"The Last Time"||Drums|||
|2014||The Humans||Strange Tales||Drums, keyboards, guitar, bass, sounds, vocals, production|||
|2014||Swans||To Be Kind||Drums, percussion, synthesizers, piano, guitar, bass, keyboards|||
|2015||King Crimson||Live at the Orpheum||Drums, percussion, synthesizers, vocals|||
|2016||King Crimson||Live in Toronto||Drums, percussion, keyboards|||
|2016||Swans||The Glowing Man||Drums, piano, synthesizers, bass, guitar, vocals|||
|2016||King Crimson||Radical Action to Unseat the Hold of Monkey Mind||Drums, keyboards|||
|2017||King Crimson||Live in Chicago||Keyboards|||
|2018||Lead into Gold||The Sun Behind the Sun||Drums|||
|2018||King Crimson||Meltdown: Live in Mexico City||Keyboards, production|