BTR-80
2011 Moscow Victory Day Parade (360-06) (cropped).jpg
Russian BTR-80
Type Armored personnel carrier
Place of origin Soviet Union
Russia
Service history
In service 1986–present
Used by See Operators
Wars Soviet–Afghan War
Nagorno-Karabakh War
Georgian Civil War
Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present)
Transnistria War
Tajikistan Civil War
War in Afghanistan
Iraq War
First Chechen War
War of Dagestan
Second Chechen War
2008 South Ossetian War
Iraqi insurgency (2011–13)
War in Donbass
Production history
Manufacturer Arzamas Machinery Plant, Nizhniy Novgorod[1]
Produced 1984–present
No. built 5,000+
Specifications
Weight 13.6 tonnes (15.0 tons)
Length 7.7 m (25.3 ft)
Width 2.9 m (9.5 ft)
Height 2.41 m (7.9 ft)
Crew 3 (+7 passengers)

Main
armament
14.5 mm KPVT machine gun or
30mm 2A72 automatic cannon
Secondary
armament
7.62 mm PKT machine gun
Engine diesel KamAZ-7403
260 hp (190 kW)
Power/weight 19 hp/tonne
Suspension wheeled 8×8
Operational
range
600 km (372.8 mi)
Speed 80–90 km/h (49.7–55.9 m/h)
swim 10 km/h (6.2 m/h)

The BTR-80 (Russian: бронетранспортер/Bronetransporter, literally "Armoured Transporter") is an 8×8 wheeled amphibious armoured personnel carrier (APC) designed in the USSR. It was adopted in 1986 and replaced the previous vehicles, the BTR-60 and BTR-70, in the Soviet Army.[2] It was first deployed during the Soviet–Afghan War.

Description

The Soviets-based the BTR-80 on the BTR-70 APC. It has a single 260-hp, V-8 turbocharged, water-cooled, diesel engine, an improvement over the twin gasoline engines installed in the BTR-60 and BTR-70 vehicles. The reconfigured rear portion of the hull accommodates the new, single engine. The Soviets removed the roof chamfers of the modified BTR-70, raised the rear, and squared off the rearward-sloping engine compartment. Standard equipment includes TNPO vision blocks, TNP-B and TKN-3 optical devices for the driver and commander, an OU-3GA2M infrared search light, six 81 mm smoke grenade launchers 902V "Tucha", a radioset (R-173 or R-163-50U), an intercom, and hydrojets for amphibious propulsion.

Capabilities

BTR-80 interior

The Soviets modified the truncated cone turret used on the BTR-70 for the BTR-80 by redesigning the mantlet. This allows the 14.5 mm (0.57 in) KPVT and coaxial 7.62 mm (0.3 in) PKT machine guns to be elevated to a maximum of 60 degrees. This high angle of fire is useful in engaging targets on steep slopes, in urban fighting, and for engaging low slow flying air targets.[3] The Soviets had also modified the design and positioning of the firing ports; the ports are now round, rather than tear-shaped, and have ball mounts similar to those used on the BMP-1. The forward firing ports now sit in angled recesses, which allows infantry to fire to the front of the vehicle.

The redesigned side doors are split horizontally. The upper portion opens forward; this gives dismounting troops some protection against small arms fire from the front of the vehicle. The lower portion opens down, forming a step. Six smoke grenade projectors are mounted on the rear of the turret.

The BTR-80 can climb a slope with up to 60% gradient and climb a vertical step of 0.5 m.[4]

Remarks

A Russian BTR-80 in water.

In 1984, the Soviets began production of a diesel-engined variant of the BTR-70, which they called the BTR-80. The Soviets have retrofitted some BTR-70s with several of the improvements incorporated into the BTR-80, including the high-angle-of-fire turret. The twin doors are designed to allow the infantry to disembark while the vehicle is in motion, and allow the infantry inside to exit from one side if the other is receiving fire. The 30mm Cannon variants are effective against most targets apart from main battle tanks, against which they can still cause significant damage to optics, weapons, and important systems. The main gun is not stabilized, so accurate fire on the move is limited to low speeds, and the turret's rotation mechanism is manually operated. The gunner sits in a roof-mounted chair located above the flat floor behind the driver/commander and two passengers, and before the passenger bench. The gunner's station is basic, but uncharacteristically spacious for a Soviet armored vehicle. The gunner is equipped with both a day time optical sight and an infrared night sight.

Versions

Russian Federation

BTR-82A
  • BTR-80 (GAZ-5903) – armoured personnel carrier.
    • BTR-80K (GAZ-59031) (kommandnyj) – command vehicle APC with telescopic antenna mast, TNA-4 navigation device and R-163-50У series of radio equipment.
    • BTR-80M – improved model with DMZ-238M2 engine of 240 hp, a slightly longer hull and new tires. In production since 1993. It is understood that only a small number were produced until the original engine was ready for production again.
  • BTR-80A (GAZ-59034) – IFV (See pictures) with 2A72 30 mm gun and 300 rounds as primary weapon. The turret is called BPPU and is equipped with sights 1PZ-9 (day) and TPN-3 or TPN-3-42 "Kristall" (night). In production and service since 1994.[5]
    • BTR-80S – variant of the BTR-80A for the Internal Troops of the MVD, equipped with a KPVT 14.5-mm machine gun and 7.62 mm PKT in the turret.
    • BTR-80AK – command variant of the BTR-80A, with two whip antennas in the rear corners and with only one firing port on the right hull side.
      • BRDM-3 (bronirovannaya razvedivatel’no-dozornaya mashina) – armoured reconnaissance/surveillance vehicle, based on the BTR-80AK and with a new day/night vision device in front of the commander's position. The crew consists of six men. Note that in some Western sources, the name BRDM-3 is incorrectly used for the 9P148 ATGM carrier.
  • BTR-82 – latest production version with improved armour, spall liners, more modern night vision device TKN-4GA, GLONASS navigation system and a more powerful engine of 300 hp. The original armament is retained but is now installed in the BPPU turret of the BTR-80A/BTR-82A. The prototype of the BTR-82 was shown for the first time in November 2009.
    • BTR-82A – latest production version with improved armour, spall liners, more modern night vision device TKN-4GA-02, 2A72 30 mm gun (a lighter, less complex cousin of the 2A42), GLONASS navigation system and a more powerful engine of 300 hp. The prototype of the BTR-82A was shown for the first time in November 2009. The Ministry of Defense of Russia has formally adopted the armored personnel carrier BTR-82A. The corresponding order was signed by Defense Minister Sergey Shoygu in early 2013.[6] In a Syrian government TV channel report, BTR-82A is seen in battle in Syria around September 2015. The video shows BTR-82A crew members speaking Russian. It is widely suspected[by whom?] that Russian armoured vehicle units have been directly fighting anti-government groups in Syria.[7] Russia will integrate the AU-220M Baikal remote turret to the BTR-82A fitted with a cannon firing the 57x348SR mm round at 120 rpm.[8]
    • BTR-82AM – refurbished BTR-80 to the level of BTR-82A.[9][10] Distinguished by a closed (welded) embrasure in the frontal part of the vehicle.[10] The first batch was delivered in 2013. Used by naval infantry.[11]
    • BTR-87 – Modification of the BTR-82A that relocates the engine compartment to the front-right part of the hull, allowing troops to disembark through rear and roof hatches.[12]
    • BTR-82V – BTR-80 featuring hull upgraded to BTR-82A-level with 14.5 mm heavy machine gun in a manned turret. Development in accordance with terms issued by the Russian National Guard.[13]
2S23 Nona-SVK
  • 2S23 "Nona-SVK" – fire support vehicle with the 120 mm 2A60 rifled gun-mortar – developed on the base of 2А51 rifled gun/mortar of the 2S9 Nona – and a crew of 4. Adopted in 1990.[14]
BREM-K
  • BREM-K (GAZ-59033) (bronirovannaya remontno-evakuatsionnaya mashina) – armoured recovery vehicle with towbars, a winch, welding equipment and a light crane.
  • KM-80 or BTR-80 PBKM – command vehicle.
  • RKhM-4 (razvedivatel’naya khimicheskaya mashina) – NBC reconnaissance vehicle with detection devices including the IMD-21BA and DP-5V, an automatic chemical alarm system GSA-12, a detection set for chemical agents KPKhR-3, an MK-3M meteo set, a KPO-1 sampling device, an ASP automatic detector and a KZO-2 flag dispenser to mark contaminated areas.
    • RKhM-4-01 – improved version with more modern equipment, including the GSA-13, IMD-1R, ASP-12 systems, a PGO-11 semi-automatic detection device, R-171M and R-173M radios instead of the older R-123M.
    • RKhM-4-02 – with upgraded detection systems such as the ASP-13, IMD-2NM and IMD-23, GSA-14; analysis, storage and interface unit UIK-RKhB and T-235-1U COMSEC equipment.[15]
    • RKhM-6 "Povozka" – latest version with state-of-the-art detection systems, including the PRKhDD-2B with a detection range of about 3 km. Furthermore, the RKhM-6 is equipped with an SN-RKhM inertial navigation system and a 14Ts834 satellite navigation system.[15] In service since 2011.[16][17]
    • RPM-2 – mobile radiological reconnaissance station with KRPI system. In service since 2000. Might also be known as NKR (nazemnij kompleks radiatsionnoj razvedki, "ground nuclear recon complex").
  • R-149BMRA – command and signals vehicle.
  • R-145BM1 – 5-th generation command and signals vehicle. Entered service in 2015.[18]
  • R-439-BK1 – SatCom station.
BTR-80 Fighting anti-sabotage machine BPDM Typhoon-M
  • "BPDM 15TS56M Tajfun-M" – new version for Strategic Rocket units (RVSN) developed on the basis of the BTR-82[19] that will replace the base security vehicles MBP on BTR-60/70 chassis. The BTR-80 version is equipped with a new turret with 7.62 mm machine gun, an unmanned aerial vehicle with a 5 km range, new optical and infrared bands observation device TKN-4S and a "Kredo-1" radar. In service since 2013. 14 vehicles were delivered in 2016.[20][21][22]
  • ZS-88 (zvukoveshchatel’naya stantsiya) – PsyOps vehicle with loudspeaker set.
  • ZS-96 (zvukoveshchatel’naya stantsiya) – PsyOps vehicle with loudspeaker set.
  • K1Sh1 (GAZ-59032) – command post vehicle with bigger hull and unarmed turret. Also known as UNSh (unifitsirovannyj shassi, "unified chassis"). This version serves as the basis for several specialised vehicles, but Estonia used this type as an APC with a machine gun turret.
    • BMM-80 "Simfoniya" (GAZ-59039) (bronirovannaya mnogofunktsionalnaya meditsinskaya mashina) – armoured ambulance, comes in three versions each of which can transport 9 patients, including two on stretchers on the rear hull (Developed in 1993):
      • BMM-1 (first aid and evacuation from the battle field),
      • BMM-2 (initial medical treatment at battalion-level) and
      • BMM-3 (mobile field hospital).
    • E-351BrM – mobile electric power station. The vehicle is equipped with an AD-30T/400 diesel-electric generator that can deliver power to up to 15 signals vehicles. It has a 2-men crew.
    • PU-12M6 (9S482M6) (punkt upravleniya) – battery command vehicle (BKP – batarejnyj kommandnyj punkt) for air defence units equipped with "Strela-1M" (SA-9), "Strela-10M2 (SA-13), "Osa-AK" (SA-8), 2S6 "Tunguska" and ZSU-23-4 "Shilka".
      • PU-12M7 (9S482M7) – improved version.
    • 1V152 – command and forward observer vehicle for field artillery units. The standard equipment consists of range finders, day/night vision devices, navigation equipment etc. The 1V152 and 1V153 (on Ural-4320 truck) belong to the KSAUO "Kapustnik-B" set.[23][24]
    • R-149BMR – signals vehicle, equipped with R-168-100KA "Akveduk-100KA", R-168-100U, R-163-25U, R-163-10V, and R-163-1V "Arbalet" HF/VHF radio sets, AVSK intercom, P-338 video system, AD-3,5U-28,5 generator, ASh-4 telescopic mast, AZI NVIS HF antenna and ShDA-50 Discone-type antenna.
    • R-149MA3 – command and signals vehicle.
File:R-166-0,5 radiostation – 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade