|Ab urbe condita||2742|
|Balinese saka calendar||1910–1911|
|British Regnal year||37 Eliz. 2 – 38 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)|
4685 or 4625
— to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4686 or 4626
|- Vikram Samvat||2045–2046|
|- Shaka Samvat||1910–1911|
|- Kali Yuga||5089–5090|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 64 / Heisei 1|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 78|
|Thai solar calendar||2532|
2115 or 1734 or 962
— to —
2116 or 1735 or 963
|Unix time||599616000 – 631151999|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1989.|
1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. These are collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989.
It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential election in 29 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 that ruled the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point.
F. W. de Klerk was elected as State President of South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela to power.
The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year, as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989, beginning the era of designer babies.