Below, the events of
World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
January 4 – WWII: Luftwaffe Colonel Hermann Göring assumes control of most war industries in Germany.
January 6 – WWII: Winter War – General Semyon Timoshenko takes command of all Soviet forces.
January 7 – WWII: Winter War: Battle of Raate Road – Outnumbered Finnish troops decisively defeat Soviet forces.
January 9 – WWII: British submarine HMS is sunk in the Starfish Heligoland Bight.
January 10 – WWII: Mechelen incident – A German plane carrying secret plans for the invasion of Western Europe makes a forced landing in Belgium, leading to mobilization of defense forces in the Low Countries.
January 19 – The Three Stooges short subject comedy film is released, the first Hollywood parody of You Nazty Spy! Adolf Hitler and the Nazis, with Moe Howard portraying "Moe Hailstone" as the lead.
January 26 – Brisbane, Australia swelters through its hottest day ever, 43.2 degrees Celsius (109.76 Fahrenheit).
January 27 – WWII: A peace resolution introduced in the Parliament of South Africa is defeated 81–59.
February 2– 11 – Scheduled dates for the 1940 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, cancelled in November 1939 due to WWII (originally allocated to Sapporo, Japan).
February 1 – WWII: Winter War – Soviet forces launch a major assault on Finnish troops occupying the Karelian Isthmus.
February 2 – Vsevolod Meyerhold is executed in the Soviet Union on charges of treason and espionage. He is cleared of all charges fifteen years later, in the first waves of de-Stalinization.
February 7 – Disney's animated musical film is first shown in the United States. Pinocchio
February 9 – Mae West and W. C. Fields join comedic forces for with tremendous success. The film becomes one of the highest-grossing of the year. My Little Chickadee
February 10 – Tom and Jerry make their debut in . However, their current names are adopted in Puss Gets the Boot 1941.
February 16 – WWII: : British destroyer Altmark Incident HMS pursues Cossack German tanker into the Altmark neutral waters of Jøssingfjord in southwestern Norway and frees the 290 British seamen held aboard.
February 22 – In Tibet, province of Ando, 4-year-old Tenzin Gyatso is proclaimed the ( tulku rebirth) of the 13th Dalai Lama.
February 27 – Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14.
March 2 – Cartoon character Elmer Fudd makes his debut, in the animated short . Elmer's Candid Camera
March 5 – Katyn massacre: Members of the Soviet Politburo ( Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Mikhail Kalinin, Kliment Voroshilov and Lavrentiy Beria) sign an order, prepared by Beria, for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs.
March 11 – Ed Ricketts, John Steinbeck and six others leave Monterey for the Gulf of California, on a marine invertebrate collecting expedition.
March 12 – Moscow Peace Treaty: The Soviet Union and Finland sign a peace treaty in Moscow, ending the Winter War; Finns, along with the world at large, are shocked by the harsh terms.
March 13 – Indian nationalist Udham Singh assassinates Sir Michael O'Dwyer (in revenge for the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre) at Caxton Hall in London, for which he is hanged on 31 July at HM Prison Pentonville.
March 18 – WWII: Axis powers: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Brenner Pass in the Alps. After being informed by Hitler that the Germans are ready to attack in the west, Mussolini agrees to bring Italy into the war in due course.
March 21 – Édouard Daladier resigns as Prime Minister of France; Paul Reynaud succeeds him.
March 30 – WWII: Former Kuomintang member and Chinese foreign minister, Wang Jingwei, announces the creation of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China in Nanjing.
April – Robin the Boy Wonder, Batman's trusted sidekick, makes his debut in #38. Detective Comics
April 3 – WWII: Operation Weserübung: German ships set out for the invasion of Norway.
April 4 – Neville Chamberlain, UK Prime Minister, in what proves to be a tragic misjudgment, declares in a major public speech that Hitler has "missed the bus".
April 7 – Booker T. Washington becomes the first African American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp.
April 8 – WWII: Operation Wilfred: The British fleet lays naval mines off the coast of neutral Norway.
April 9 – WWII: Germany invades the neutral countries of Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung, opening the Norwegian Campaign. The British Royal Navy attempts to attack elements of the German fleet off Norway. Vidkun Quisling proclaims a new collaborationist regime in Norway. The German invasion of Denmark lasts for about six hours, before that country capitulates.
April 10 – WWII: First Naval Battle of Narvik: The British Royal Navy attacks the German fleet in the Ofotfjord. At Bergen, German cruiser is sunk by British Königsberg Fleet Air Arm Blackburn Skua dive bombers, flying from RNAS Hatston in Orkney.
April 14 – Norwegian Campaign: The first British ground forces land in Norway, at Namsos and Harstad.
April 16 – In American baseball, the Cleveland Indians, behind Bob Feller's Opening Day no-hitter, defeat the Chicago White Sox, 1–0.
April 21 – makes its debut on Take It or Leave It CBS Radio in the United States, with Bob Hawk as host.
April 23 – The Rhythm Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi, kills 198.
May 10 – WWII:
May 13 – WWII:
May 13– 14 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands and her government are evacuated to London, using the British destroyer HMS . Hereward
May 14 – WWII:
May 16 – President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, addressing a joint session of the U.S. Congress, asks for an extraordinary credit of approximately $900,000,000 to finance construction of at least 50,000 airplanes per year.
May 17 – WWII:
May 18 – Marshal Philippe Pétain is named vice-premier of France.
May 19 – General Maxime Weygand replaces Maurice Gamelin as commander-in-chief of all French forces.
May 22 – WWII: The Parliament of the United Kingdom passes the Emergency Powers (Defence) Act 1939, giving the government full control over all persons and property.
May 24 – WWII:
May 25 – The Crypt of Civilization time capsule at Oglethorpe University, Brookhaven, Georgia in the United States, is sealed shut, with a projected opening date of 8113 CE.
May 27 – WWII: Le Paradis massacre: 97 retreating British soldiers of the Royal Norfolk Regiment are executed by German troops of 3rd SS Panzer Division after surrendering in France. Totenkopf
May 28 – WWII:
June 1 – WWII: Rear Admiral Sir W. Frederic Wake-Walker's flagship, the destroyer , is sunk by Keith Stukas at Dunkirk. 
June 4 – WWII:
June 9 – WWII: The British Commandos are created.
June 11 – WWII: The Western Desert Campaign opens, with British forces crossing the Frontier Wire into Italian Libya.
June 12 – WWII: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Major-General Erwin Rommel's 7th Panzer Division, at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
June 13 – WWII: Paris is declared an open city.
June 14 – WWII:
June 15 – WWII:
June 17 – WWII:
Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France, and immediately asks Germany for peace terms.
Occupation of the Baltic states: The Soviet Union occupies Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Operation Ariel begins: Allied troops start to evacuate France, following Germany's takeover of Paris and most of the nation. RMS , serving as a Lancastria troopship, is bombed and sunk by Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 88 aircraft, while evacuating British troops and nationals from Saint-Nazaire in France, with the loss of at least 4,000 lives, the largest single UK loss in any World War II event, immediate news of which is suppressed in the British press.  Destroyer  HMS rescues around 600. Beagle (H30)
June 18 – WWII:
June 20 – WWII: Evacuation of civilians from the Channel Islands to England begins. 
June 21 – WWII: The unsuccessful Italian invasion of France begins with an offensive in the Alps.
June 23 – WWII: German leader Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris, in now-occupied France. 
June 25 – WWII: After the defeat of France, Hitler plans for an invasion of Switzerland, known as Operation Tannenbaum.
June 26 – Soviet calendar: The Soviet Union reverts to a seven-day week for all purposes.
WWII: German forces land in
Guernsey, marking the start of the 5-year Occupation of the Channel Islands. Federal government of the United States reorganisation:
Civil Aeronautics Administration is placed under the Department of Commerce. The U.S.
Food and Drug Administration is placed under the Federal Security Agency. The
July 1 – The first Tacoma Narrows Bridge opens for business, built with an 8-foot (2.4 m) girder and 190 feet (58 m) above the water, as the third-longest suspension bridge in the world.
July 2 – WWII: British-owned SS , carrying Arandora Star civilian internees and POWs of Italian and German origin from Liverpool to Canada, is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine off northwest Ireland, with the loss of around 865 lives. U-47
July 3 – WWII: Attack on Mers-el-Kébir: British naval units sink or seize ships of the French fleet anchored in the Algerian ports of Mers-el-Kebir and Oran, to prevent them from falling into German hands. The following day, Vichy France breaks off diplomatic relations with Britain.
July 5 – WWII: Operation Fish – A British convoy including HMS sails from Batory Greenock (Scotland) for Halifax, Nova Scotia, carrying gold bar and other valuables worth $1.7 billion for safe keeping in Canada, the largest movement of wealth in history.  
July 10 – WWII: The Battle of Britain begins.
July 14 – WWII: Winston Churchill, in a worldwide broadcast, proclaims the intention of Great Britain to fight alone against Germany whatever the outcome: "We shall seek no terms. We shall tolerate no parley. We may show mercy. We shall ask none."
July 15 – U.S. politics: The Democratic Party begins its national convention in Chicago, and nominates Franklin D. Roosevelt for an unprecedented third term as president.
July 20– August 4 – Scheduled dates for the 1940 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland, cancelled in November 1939 due to WWII (originally allocated to Tokyo, Japan).
July 23 – Welles Declaration: United States Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles announces that the U.S. will not accord diplomatic recognition to the Soviet Union's occupation of the Baltic states.
July 25 – General Henri Guisan addresses the officer corps of the Swiss army at Rütli, resolving to resist any invasion of the country. July 27
Eleven British nationals, including Melville James Cox, are arrested on suspicion of spying for military intelligence by the
secret police in Japan. Cox commits suicide in Tokyo on July 29, according to a report by the Japanese Foreign Ministry. 
August 1 – WWII: British submarine HMS is sunk in the English Channel, by what is much later discovered to be a mine. Spearfish
August 3 – The Lithuanian SSR is annexed into the Soviet Union, followed by the Latvian SSR on August 5 and the Estonian SSR August 6, just seven weeks after their occupation.
August 3– 19 – WWII: The Italian conquest of British Somaliland is completed.
August 4 – Gen. John J. Pershing, in a nationwide radio broadcast, urges all-out aid to Britain in order to defend the Americas, while Charles Lindbergh speaks to an isolationist rally at Soldier Field in Chicago.
August 8 – WWII: German general Wilhelm Keitel signs the " Aufbau Ost" directive, which eventually leads to the invasion of the Soviet Union.
August 10 – WWII: British armed merchant cruiser HMS is torpedoed off Transylvania Malin Head, Ireland, by German submarine . U-56
August 13 – WWII: The ("Eagle Day") strike on southern England occurs, starting the rapid escalation of the Adlertag Battle of Britain air offensive of the against Luftwaffe RAF Fighter Command.
August 15 – Italy, without having declared war on Greece, sinks the Greek boat Elli (Έλλη).
August 21 – Leon Trotsky dies of the injuries he has sustained.
August 24 – Howard Florey, and a team including Ernst Chain and Norman Heatley, at the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, publish their laboratory results showing the bactericidal action of in vivo penicillin. They have also purified the drug.  
August 25 – WWII: The first Bombing of Berlin is carried out, by the British Royal Air Force.
August 26 – WWII: Chad is the first French colony to proclaim its support for the Allies.
September – The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division (previously a National Guard Division in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Oklahoma), is activated and ordered into federal service for one year, to engage in a training program in Ft. Sill and Louisiana, prior to serving in WWII.
September 2 – WWII: The Destroyers for Bases Agreement between the United States and Great Britain is announced, to the effect that 50 U.S. destroyers needed for escort work will be transferred to Great Britain. In return, the United States gains 99-year leases on British bases in the North Atlantic, West Indies and Bermuda.
September 4 – WWII: In Berlin, Adolf Hitler declares in a speech that Nazi Germany will avenge all night air raids carried out by Great Britain.
September 5 – WWII: Commerce raiding German auxiliary cruiser enters the Pacific Ocean via the Komet Bering Strait, after crossing the Arctic Ocean from the North Sea, with the help of Soviet icebreakers Lenin, Stalin, and Kaganovich. 
September 6 - King Carol II of Romania abdicates, and is succeeded by his son Michael.
September 9– 16 – WWII: The Italian invasion of Egypt commences from Libya, progressing only as far as Sidi Barrani.
September 14 – Ip massacre: The Hungarian Army, supported by local Hungarians, kill 158 Romanian civilians in Ip, Sălaj, a village in Northern Transylvania, as part of attempts at ethnic cleansing.
September 16 – WWII: The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 is signed into law by Franklin D. Roosevelt, creating the first peacetime draft in U.S. history.
September 17 – WWII: Hitler postpones Operation Sea Lion ( Unternehmen Seelöwe), the planned German invasion of Britain, indefinitely. 
September 17– 18 – WWII: SS is City of Benares torpedoed by German submarine in the Atlantic, with the loss of 248 of the 406 on board, including child evacuees bound for Canada. This results in cancellation of the British U-48 Children's Overseas Reception Board's plan to relocate children overseas.
September 21 – 1940 Australian federal election: Robert Menzies' UAP/ Country Coalition Government is re-elected as a minority government, narrowly defeating the Labor Party led by John Curtin. It is the last federal election to result in a minority government until 2010.
September 23– 25 – WWII: Battle of Dakar – Naval forces of Free France and Britain fail to take the port of Dakar in French West Africa from Vichy France.
September 22 – Japan enters French Indochina: An agreement is signed in which Japan promises to station no more than 6,000 troops here, and never have more than 25,000 transiting the colony. Rights are also given for 3 airfields.
September 25 – Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany: German Reichskommissar Josef Terboven appoints a provisional council of state from the pro-Nazi Nasjonal Samling party, under Vidkun Quisling, as a puppet government for Norway.
September 26 – A group of Japanese officers, in violation of an agreement signed 4 days earlier with French Indochina, take Đồng Đăng and Lam Sơn, with 40 Franco-Vietnamese troops killed and around 1,000 deserting. The same day the United States imposes a total embargo on all scrap metal shipments to Japan.
September 27 – WWII: Germany, Italy and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact.
October 1 – The first section of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, the United States' first long-distance controlled-access highway, is opened.
October 11 – Portuguese-born performer Carmen Miranda makes her American film debut in , one of the first films produced to promote the Down Argentine Way Good Neighbor policy.
October 14 – The Balham tube station disaster in London, England, occurs during the Nazi Luftwaffe air raids on Great Britain.
October 15 – Charlie Chaplin releases his controversial wartime satire , nine months after The Great Dictator The Three Stooges' You Nazty Spy!.
The draft registration of approximately 16 million men begins in the United States.
Nazi Governor-General Hans Frank establishes the Warsaw Ghetto.
October 18– 19 – WWII: Thirty-two ships are sunk from Convoy SC 7 and Convoy HX 79 by the most effective " wolfpack" of the war, including U-boat aces Kretschmer, Prien and Schepke.
October 26– 28 – WWII: RMS , serving as a Empress of Britain troopship under the British flag, is bombed, torpedoed and sunk off the Donegal coast, with the loss of 45 lives. At 42,348 GRT, she is the war's largest merchant ship loss.
October 28 – WWII: Italian troops invade Greece, meeting strong resistance from Greek troops and civilians. This action signals the beginning of the Balkan Campaign.
November – In Cambodia, the Khmer Issarak is formed to overthrow the French Army within the nation.
November 2– 8 – WWII: ( Greco-Italian War): Battle of Elaia–Kalamas in Epirus: Outnumbered Greek forces repel the Italian Army.
November 2 – German submarine is commissioned, the first U-69 Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's , which will become its most numerous class, with 568 commissioned during the War. Kriegsmarine
November 6 – Agatha Christie's mystery novel is published in book form, in the United States. And Then There Were None
November 7 – In Tacoma, Washington, the 600-foot (180 m)-long center span of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge (known as Galloping Gertie) collapses.
November 8 – WWII: MS is sunk by a naval mine off City of Rayville Cape Otway, Australia (the first United States Merchant Marine loss of the war).
November 9 – Joaquín Rodrigo's premieres in Concierto de Aranjuez Barcelona, Spain.
November 10 – 1940 Vrancea earthquake: An earthquake in Romania kills 1,000.
November 13 – The Walt Disney animated film , the first commercial film shown in Fantasia stereophonic sound, has its world premiere at the Broadway Theatre in New York City. It is the first box office failure for Disney, though it recoups its cost years later and becomes one of the most highly regarded of Disney's films.
November 14 – WWII: Coventry Blitz: The city centre of Coventry, England is destroyed by 500 Luftwaffe bombers; 150,000 fire bombs, 503 tons of high explosives, and 130 parachute mines level 60,000 of the city's 75,000 buildings; 568 people are killed. The city's cathedral is gutted.
November 15 – Abbott and Costello make their film debut, in . One Night in the Tropics
November 18 – WWII: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini's disastrous invasion of Greece.
November 20 – WWII: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis powers.
November 26– 27 – Jilava Massacre: In Romania, coup leader General Ion Antonescu's Iron Guard arrests and executes over 60 of exiled King Carol II of Romania's aides, starting at a penitentiary near Bucharest. Among the dead is former minister and acclaimed historian Nicolae Iorga.
December – Timely Comics' Captain America Comics #1 (cover dated March 1941), first appearance of Captain America and Bucky, hits newsstands in the United States.
December 1 – Manuel Ávila Camacho takes office, as President of Mexico.
December 6 – British submarine HMS is sunk near Regulus Taranto.
December 8 – The Chicago Bears, in what will become the most one-sided victory in National Football League history, defeat the Washington Redskins 73–0 in the 1940 NFL Championship Game.
December 9 – WWII: Operation Compass – British forces in North Africa begin their first major offensive, with an attack on Italian forces at Sidi Barrani, Egypt.
December 12 and December 15 – WWII: Sheffield Blitz ("Operation Crucible"): The Yorkshire city of Sheffield is badly damaged by German air-raids.
December 16 – WWII: Operation Abigail Rachel: The RAF bombs Mannheim.
December 17 – President Roosevelt, at his regular press conference, first sets forth the outline of his plan to send aid to Great Britain, that will become known as Lend-Lease.
December 23 – WWII: Winston Churchill, in a broadcast address to the people of Italy, blames Benito Mussolini for leading his nation to war against the British, contrary to Italy's historic friendship with them: "One man has arrayed the trustees and inheritors of ancient Rome upon the side of the ferocious pagan barbarians."
December 24 – Mahatma Gandhi, Indian spiritual non-violence leader, writes his second letter to Adolf Hitler, addressing him as "My friend", and requesting him to stop the war Germany had begun.
California's first modern freeway, the future State Route 110, opens to traffic in Pasadena, California, as the Arroyo Seco Parkway (now the Pasadena Freeway). In Sweden,
In Korea, the
( Hunminjeongeum 1446) is discovered, explaining the basis of the Hangul alphabet. American historian
Arthur Marder publishes The Anatomy of British Sea Power: a history of British naval policy in the pre-Dreadnought era, 1880-1905.
January 6 – Penny Lernoux, American nun, author (d. 1989)
January 9 – Miguel Ángel Rodríguez, Costa Rican politician, lawyer, economist, and businessman
January 13 – Edmund White, American author
January 14 – Julian Bond, African-American civil rights activist (d. 2015)
January 15 – Arlie Russell Hochschild, American professor emireta of sociology
January 16 – Franz Müntefering, German politician
January 22 – John Hurt, English actor (d. 2017)
January 23 – Jimmy Castor, African-American funk, R&B, and soul saxophonist (d. 2012)
January 24 – Joachim Gauck, German politician, 11th President of Germany
January 28 – Carlos Slim, Mexican businessman
February 1 – Ajmer Singh, Indian athlete, educator (d. 2010)
February 4 – George A. Romero, American film writer, director (d. 2017)
February 5 – H. R. Giger, Swiss artist (d. 2014)
February 6 – Tom Brokaw, American television journalist and author
February 7 – Tony Tan, 7th President of Singapore
February 8 – Ted Koppel, American journalist
February 15 – Hamzah Haz, Indonesian politician, 9th Vice President of Indonesia
February 18 – Fabrizio De André, Italian singer, songwriter (d. 1999)
February 19 – Smokey Robinson, African-American musician
February 20 – Jimmy Greaves, English footballer
February 23 – Peter Fonda, American actor ( ) (d. Easy Rider 2019)
Mario Andretti, American race car driver
March 2 – Billy McNeill, Scottish football player and manager (d. 2019)
March 4 – Vladimir Morosov, Soviet athlete
March 6 – Willie Stargell, American baseball player (d. 2001)
March 9 – Raul Julia, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1994)
March 12 – Al Jarreau, African-American singer (d. 2017)
March 13 – Candi Staton, American singer
March 15 – Phil Lesh, American musician ( ) Grateful Dead
March 17 – Mark White, Governor of Texas (d. 2017)
March 21 – Solomon Burke, African-American singer, songwriter (d. 2010)
March 20 – Paul Neville, Australian politician (d. 2019)
March 22 – Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian actor ( ) (d. The Killing Fields 1996)
James Caan, American actor Nancy Pelosi, American politician; Speaker and Minority Leader (alternately) of the United States House of Representatives
March 27 – Austin Pendleton, American actor, playwright, theatre director and instructor
March 30 – Jerry Lucas, American professional basketball player March 31
Barney Frank, American politician
April 1 – Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 2011)
April 4 – Robby Müller, Dutch cinematographer (d. 2018)
April 6 – Pedro Armendáriz Jr., Mexican actor (d. 2011)
April 8 – John Havlicek, American basketball player (d. 2019)
April 16 – Queen Margrethe II of Denmark
April 17 – John McCririck, English horse racing pundit (d. 2019)
April 19 – Reinhard Bonnke, German Pentecostal evangelist (d. 2019)
April 22 – Marie-José Nat, French actress (d. 2019)
April 23 – Danilo Astori, Uruguayan politician, 15th Vice President of Uruguay
Al Pacino, American actor, film director Tristram Powell, English television director, film director, writer and producer
April 26 – Giorgio Moroder, Italian film composer April 30
Burt Young, American actor, author and painter
May 1 – Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer (d. 2021)
May 3 – David Koch, American businessman (d. 2019)
May 5 – Lance Henriksen, American actor
May 9 – James L. Brooks, American film producer, writer
May 11 – Juan Downey, Chilean-born video artist (d. 1993)
May 14 – 'H'. Jones, British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
May 16 – Ole Ernst, Danish actor (d. 2013)
May 18 – Lenny Lipton, American inventor
May 19 – Jan Janssen, Dutch cyclist
May 21 – Tony Sheridan, British singer, songwriter, and musician (d. 2013)
May 22 – Bernard Shaw, African-American journalist and television news reporter
May 24 – Joseph Brodsky, Russian-born poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
May 26 – Levon Helm, American musician and actor (d. 2012)
May 27 – Sotsha Dlamini, 5th Prime Minister of Swaziland (d. 2017)
June 2 – Constantine II of Greece 
June 4 – Ludwig Schwarz, Austrian prelate
June 8 – Nancy Sinatra, American singer
June 9 – Barry McDonald, Papua New Guinea-Australian rugby union player (d. 2020)
June 11 – Wayne Kemp, American country music singer (d. 2015)
June 13 – Bobby Freeman, American singer, songwriter (d. 2017)
June 14 – Jack Bannon, American actor (d. 2017)
June 18 – Phillip E. Johnson, American lawyer and author (d. 2019)
June 19 – Paul Shane, English-born actor (d. 2013)
Hope Cooke, American socialite, Queen Consort of Sikkim
Augusto Fantozzi, Italian lawyer, tax expert, academic, businessman and politician
Murali Mohan, Indian film actor, producer, politician and business executive
Walter Ofonagoro, Nigerian scholar, politician and businessman
Ian Ross, Australian newsreader (d. 2014) Vittorio Storaro, Italian cinematographer
June 29 – Vyacheslav Artyomov, Russian composer
Lamar Alexander, American politician
Fontella Bass, African-American soul singer (" Rescue Me") (d. 2012)
Jerzy Buzek, Polish politician, 8th Prime Minister of Poland
Jose Alberto Laboy, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player
Lance Larson, American competition swimmer, Olympic champion and world record-holder in four events
Chuck Sieminski, American football player
César Tovar, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1994) Mario Zanin, Italian cyclist
July 5 – Reiko Kusamura, Japanese actress
July 9 – Herminia Roman, Filipino politician
July 15 – Johnny Seay, American country music singer (d. 2016)
July 23 – Don Imus, American radio personality, television show host and author (d. 2019)
July 28 – Philip Proctor, American actor
July 29 – Bernard Lafayette, African-American civil rights activist
July 30 – Clive Sinclair, English inventor (d. 2021)
August 1 – Ram Loevy, Israeli screenwriter, director
August 3 – Martin Sheen, American actor, father of Charlie Sheen
August 8 – Dilip Sardesai, Indian cricketer (d. 2007)
August 10 – Bobby Hatfield, American singer ( ) (d. The Righteous Brothers 2003)
August 12 – Tony Allen, Nigerian Afrobeat drummer (d. 2020)
August 16 - John Craven, English journalist and presenter
August 18 – Stanley Johnson, British politician, author
August 25 – José van Dam, Belgian bass-baritone
August 28 – Joseph Shabalala, South African choral director ( ) (d. Ladysmith Black Mambazo 2020)
Wilton Felder, American saxophonist, bassist (d. 2015)
September 1 – Yaşar Büyükanıt, Turkish military officer (d. 2019)
September 5 – Raquel Welch, American actress
September 13 – Óscar Arias, Costa Rican politician, twice President of Costa Rica, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
September 18 – Frankie Avalon, American singer and actor
September 20 – Tarō Asō, 59th Prime Minister of Japan
September 22 – Anna Karina, Danish-French actress (d. 2019)
September 24 – Michiko Suganuma, Urushi Japanese lacquer artist
October 3 –
October 4 – Ian Kiernan, Australian yachtsman (d. 2018)
October 5 – Milena Dravić, Serbian actress (d. 2018)
October 9 – John Lennon, English musician, singer ( ) (d. The Beatles 1980)
October 11 – David McFadden, Canadian poet, fiction writer, and travel writer (d. 2018)
October 13 – Pharoah Sanders, American saxophonist
October 14 – Cliff Richard, British pop musician, actor and philanthropist
October 15 – Peter C. Doherty, Australian immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
October 17 – Peter Stringfellow, English businessman, nightclub owner (d. 2018)
October 18 – Győző Kulcsár, Hungarian fencer (d. 2018)
October 19 – Sir Michael Gambon, British-Irish actor
October 20 – Robert Pinsky, American poet, essayist, literary critic, and translator United States Poet Laureate
October 23 – Pelé, Brazilian footballer
October 27 – John Gotti, American gangster (d. 2002)
October 28 – Jack Shepherd, English actor
November 2 – Gigi Proietti, Italian actor, singer, and comedian (d. 2020)
November 5 – Jaime Roldós Aguilera, 33rd President of Ecuador (1979-1981) (d. 1981)
November 12 – Donald Wuerl, American archbishop
November 17 – Luke Kelly, Irish ballad singer (d. 1984)
November 18 – Qaboos bin Said al Said, Sultan of Oman (d. 2020)
November 20 – Helma Sanders-Brahms, German film director (d. 2014)
November 21 – Richard Marcinko, U.S. Navy SEAL team member, author
November 25 – Joe Gibbs, American football coach
November 26 – Gianni De Michelis, Italian politician (d. 2019)
November 27 – Bruce Lee, Chinese-American martial artist, actor (d. 1973)
December 4 – Gary Gilmore, American murderer (d. 1977)
December 5 – Peter Pohl, Swedish writer
December 18 – Ilario Castagner, Italian football manager
December 19 – Phil Ochs, American protest singer (d. 1976)
December 21 – Frank Zappa, American musician, composer, and satirist (d. 1993)
December 25 – Alija Behmen, Bosnian politician (d. 2018)
December 26 – Edward C. Prescott, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate December 29
Fred Hansen, American Olympic athlete
January 1 – Fusajiro Yamauchi, Japanese business executive (b. 1859)
January 4 – Flora Finch, English-born actress, comedian (b. 1867)
January 9 – Alex Bennett, Scottish footballer (b. 1881)
January 15 – Kallirhoe Parren, founder of the Greek women's movement (b. 1861)
January 18 – Kazimierz Przerwa-Tetmajer, Polish poet, writer (b. 1865)
January 20 – Omar Bundy, U.S. Army General (b. 1861)
February – Zheng Pingru, Chinese spy (executed) (b. 1918)
February 1 – Philip Francis Nowlan, American science fiction writer, creator of (b. Buck Rogers 1888)
February 9 – William Dodd, American historian, diplomat (b. 1869)
February 16 – Louis Dartige du Fournet, French admiral (b. 1856)
February 26 – Michael Hainisch, 2nd President of Austria (b. 1858)
February 27 – Peter Behrens, German architect, designer (b. 1868) February 29
E. F. Benson, English writer (b. 1867)
March 1 – A. H. Tammsaare, Estonian writer (b. 1878)
March 10 – Mikhail Bulgakov, Russian writer (b. 1891)
March 11 – John Monk Saunders, American writer (b. 1897)
March 18 – Sir Aylmer Hunter-Weston, British army general (b. 1864)
March 20 – Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist and eugenicist (b. 1860)
March 23 – Dimitar Stanchov, 15th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1863)
March 24 – Thomas Adams, British urban planner (b. 1871)
March 26 – Spyridon Louis, Greek Olympic athlete (b. 1873)
March 30 – Sir George Egerton, British admiral (b. 1852)
April 1 – J. A. Hobson, English economist (b. 1858)
April 5 – Song Zheyuan, Chinese general of the Northwestern Army (b. 1885)
April 7 – William Faversham, English actor (b. 1868) 
April 8 – Joaquin Mir Trinxet, Spanish artist (b. 1873)
April 10 – Bernard Warburton-Lee, British naval officer, Victoria Cross recipient (killed in action) (b. 1895)
April 21 – George Barnes, British Labour politician (b. 1859)
April 26 – Carl Bosch, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
April 28 – Luisa Tetrazzini, Italian opera singer (b. 1871)
May 7 – George Lansbury, British Labour politician (b. 1859)
May 11 – Chujiro Hayashi, Japanese Reiki Master (b. 1880)
May 14 – Emma Goldman, Lithuanian-born anarchist (b. 1869)
May 15 – Menno ter Braak, Dutch writer (b. 1902)
May 16 – Zhang Zizhong, general of the Chinese National Revolutionary Army (b. 1891)
May 19 – Diego Mazquiarán, Spanish matador (b. 1895)
May 20 – Verner von Heidenstam, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
May 24 – Louis Fles, Dutch businessman, activist and author (b. 1872)
May 25 – Joe De Grasse, Canadian film director (b. 1873)
May 26 – Prince Wilhelm of Prussia (b. 1906)
May 27 – Bolesław Roja, Polish general (executed) (b. 1876)
June 1 – Jan F. E. Celliers, South African poet, writer and dramatist (b. 1865)
June 11 – Alfred S. Alschuler, American architect (b. 1876)
June 13 – George Fitzmaurice, American director (b. 1885)
June 12 - William Lashly, English sailor (b. 1867)
June 14 – Henry W. Antheil Jr., American diplomat (b. 1912)
June 17 – Sir Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
June 19 – Maurice Jaubert, French composer (b. 1900)
June 20 – Charley Chase, American comedian (b. 1893)
June 28 – Italo Balbo, Italian Fascist leader (b. 1896)
July 1 – Ben Turpin, American actor, comedian (b. 1869)
July 9 – Józef Biniszkiewicz, Silesian politician (b. 1875)
July 10 – Pietro Frugoni, Italian general (b. 1851)
July 15 – Robert Wadlow, American citizen, tallest man ever (infection) (b. 1918)
July 28 – David W. Taylor, American naval architect (b. 1864)
August 3 – Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV, Indian royal, Maharajah of Mysore (b. 1884)
August 4 – Joaquina Maria Mercedes Barcelo Pages, Filipino Roman Catholic nun and venerable (b. 1857)
August 5 – Frederick Cook, American explorer (b. 1865)
August 8 – Johnny Dodds, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1892)
August 16 – Henri Desgrange, French racing cyclist and founder of the Tour de France (b. 1865) 
August 18 – Walter Chrysler, American automobile pioneer (b. 1875)
August 24 – Paul Nipkow, German technician, inventor (b. 1860)
August 28 – William Bowie, American geodetic engineer (b. 1872)
September 4 – George William de Carteret, Jerseiaise author (b. 1869)
September 5 – Charles de Broqueville, 20th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1860)
September 7 – José Félix Estigarribia, 34th President of Paraguay (b. 1888)
September 9 - Percy Abbott , Australian politician (b. CMG , VD 1869)
September 10 – Nikola Ivanov, Bulgarian general (b. 1861)
September 20 - E. Rosa Sawtell, New Zealand artist (b. 1865)
September 23 – Hale Holden, American president of Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (1914–1918, 1920–1929) (b. 1869)
September 25 – Marguerite Clark, American stage and silent film actress (b. 1883)
September 26 – Walter Benjamin, German philosopher and cultural critic, suicide (b. 1892) September 27
Julián Besteiro, Spanish socialist politician (b. 1870)
October 6 – Michitarō Komatsubara, Japanese general (b. 1885)
October 9 – Sir Wilfred Grenfell, English medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador (b. 1865)
October 10 – Berton Churchill, Canadian actor (b. 1876)
October 11 – Adolf von Trotha, German admiral (b. 1868)
October 12 – Tom Mix, American actor (b. 1880)
October 15 – Lluís Companys, President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (executed) (b. 1882)
October 17 – George Davis, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1870)
October 20 – Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (b. 1885)
November 3 – Manuel Azaña, 55th Prime Minister of Spain, 2nd President of Spain (b. 1880)
November 5 – Otto Plath, American father of poet Sylvia Plath, entomologist (b. 1885)
November 11 – Vladimir Vinnichevsky, Russian serial killer (executed) (b. 1923)
November 18 – Ion Inculeț, Moldavian politician, 1st President of Moldova (b. 1884)
November 24 – Saionji Kinmochi, Japanese prince and prime minister (b. 1849)
November 26 – assassinations
Nicolae Iorga, Romanian historian, politician and 34th Prime Minister of Romania (assassinated) (b. 1871) aircraft shot down
Jean Chiappe, French civil servant (b. 1878)
December 2 – Nikolai Koltsov, Russian biologist, genetist (b. 1872)
December 5 – Jan Kubelík, Czech violinist (b. 1880)
December 14 – Anton Korošec, Slovenian political leader (b. 1872)
December 15 – Billy Hamilton, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1866)
December 16 – Eugène Dubois, Dutch paleoanthropologist, geologist (b. 1858)
December 19 – Kyösti Kallio, Finnish farmerman, banker, 8th Prime Minister of Finland and 4th President of Finland (b. 1873)
December 21 – F. Scott Fitzgerald, American writer (b. 1896)
December 22 – Nathanael West, American writer (b. 1903)
December 23 – Eddie August Schneider, American aviator (b. 1911)
December 25 – Agnes Ayres, American actress (b. 1898)
Physics – not awarded
Chemistry – not awarded
Physiology or Medicine – not awarded
Literature – not awarded
"Definitions Of Our Year | Calendars" . Retrieved . March 9, 2020
Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. p. 14. ISBN . 978-0-13-354027-7
Trossarelli, L. (2010). "the history of nylon". Club Alpino Italiano, Centro Studi Materiali e Tecniche. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012 . Retrieved . February 28, 2012
"HMS Keith, destroyer". www.naval-history.net.
Borgersrud, Lars (1995). "Nøytralitetsvakt". In Dahl, Hans Fredrik; Hjeltnes, Guri; Nøkleby, Berit; Ringdal, Nils Johan; Sørensen, Øystein (eds.). (in Norwegian). Oslo: Cappelen. p. 313. Norsk krigsleksikon 1940-1945 ISBN 978-82-02-14138-7 . Retrieved . June 29, 2012
"Stab in the Back"
"Lancastria's end told by survivors; Italian and Nazi Planes Said to Have Shot at Swimmers and Fired Oily Waters; Many Caught Below Deck; Rescue Craft Reported Set Ablaze; Victims Include Women and Children". . July 26, 1940 The New York Times . Retrieved . May 22, 2010
Hooton, E. R. (2007). Luftwaffe at War: Blitzkrieg in the West. London: Chevron/Ian Allan. p. 88. ISBN . 978-1-85780-272-6
Mawson, Gillian (2012). Guernsey Evacuees: The Forgotten Evacuees of the Second World War. History Press. ISBN . 9780752470191
"Hitler Picture: Hitler in Paris". 20th Century History. About.com . Retrieved . March 25, 2013
^ a b
Draper, Alfred (1979). Operation Fish: The Fight to Save the Gold of Britain, France and Norway from the Nazis. Don Mills: General Publishing. ISBN . 9780773600683
Breuer, William B. (2008). Top Secret Tales of World War II. Book Sales. p. 62. ISBN . 9780785819516
Delmer, Sefton. Black Boomerang.
^ [:ja:コックス事件] (Japanese language). Retrieved 2019-12-25.
Bloch, Michael (1982). The Duke of Windsor's War. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN . 978-0-297-77947-6
Drews, Jürgen (March 2000). "Drug Discovery: a Historical Perspective". . Science 287 (5460): 1960–4. Bibcode: 2000Sci...287.1960D. doi: 10.1126/science.287.5460.1960. PMID 10720314. S2CID 1827304.
Robertson, Patrick (1974). The Shell Book of Firsts. London: Ebury Press. p. 124.
Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. p. 58. ISBN . 978-0-13-354027-7
"Events occurring on Tuesday, September 17, 1940". WW2 Timelines. 2011 . Retrieved . December 11, 2015
"René Auberjonois, 'Star Trek' and 'Benson' Actor, Dies at 79". The Hollywood Reporter. December 8, 2019.
"Constantine II | king of Greece". Encyclopedia Britannica . Retrieved . January 31, 2021
Wilson, Guy (2018). "John Waller — A Life Remembered". . Arms & Armour Royal Armouries. 15 (2): 113–121. doi: . 10.1080/17416124.2018.1522141
"JOSEPH SWICKARD; Veteran Screen Actor, 73, Had Roles in Many Productions". The New York Times. March 3, 1940 . Retrieved . July 30, 2021
William Faversham (1868—1940)
Michael Billington (2001). . Oxford University Press. p. 56. Stage and Screen Lives ISBN . 978-0-19-860407-5
Cyclisme : Henri Desgrange, l’Accoucheur du Tour
CHARLES W. WOODWORTH; Retired Entomology Professor at University of California Further reading
Bloch, Leon Bryce and Lamar Middleton, ed. The World Over in 1940 (1941) detailed coverage of world events