Millennium: 2nd millennium
1436 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1436
Ab urbe condita2189
Armenian calendar885
Assyrian calendar6186
Balinese saka calendar1357–1358
Bengali calendar843
Berber calendar2386
English Regnal year14 Hen. 6 – 15 Hen. 6
Buddhist calendar1980
Burmese calendar798
Byzantine calendar6944–6945
Chinese calendar乙卯(Wood Rabbit)
4132 or 4072
    — to —
丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4133 or 4073
Coptic calendar1152–1153
Discordian calendar2602
Ethiopian calendar1428–1429
Hebrew calendar5196–5197
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1492–1493
 - Shaka Samvat1357–1358
 - Kali Yuga4536–4537
Holocene calendar11436
Igbo calendar436–437
Iranian calendar814–815
Islamic calendar839–840
Japanese calendarEikyō 8
Javanese calendar1351–1352
Julian calendar1436
Korean calendar3769
Minguo calendar476 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−32
Thai solar calendar1978–1979
Tibetan calendar阴木兔年
(female Wood-Rabbit)
1562 or 1181 or 409
    — to —
(male Fire-Dragon)
1563 or 1182 or 410

Year 1436 (MCDXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.



  • January 11Eric of Pomerania is deposed from the Swedish throne for the second time, only three months after having been reinstated. Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson remains the leader of the land, in his capacity of rikshövitsman (military commander of the realm).
  • February – Charles Knutsson becomes joint rikshövitsman with Engelbrekt (the two will share the title until Engelbrekt's death).
  • AprilParis is recaptured from the English by French forces during the Hundred Years War.
  • May 4 – Following the murderer of Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, while on his way to Stockholm for negotiations. Charles Knutsson temporarily holds the position of leader of Sweden alone. The probable first meeting of the Riksdag of the Estates takes place afterwards, in Uppsala, Sweden.
  • June 25
  • July 5 – The Hussite Wars effectively end in Bohemia. Sigismund is accepted as King.
  • July 29 – French forces abandon their Siege of Calais.
  • August 30Brunelleschi's Dome at Florence Cathedral is dedicated.[1]
  • September 1 – Eric of Pomerania is once again reinstated as king of Sweden. Charles Knutsson, at the same time, resigns the post of rikshövitsman.
    • Vlad II Dracul seizes the recently vacated throne of Wallachia, with Hungarian support.
    • The Bosnian language is first mentioned in a document.
    • Date of the Visokom papers, the last direct sources on the old town of Visoki.
    • In Ming dynasty China, the inauguration of the Zhengtong Emperor takes place.
    • In Ming dynasty China, a significant portion of the southern grain tax is commuted to payments in silver, known as the Gold Floral Silver (jinhuayin). This comes about due to officials' and military generals' increasing demands to be paid in silver instead of grain, as commercial transactions draw more silver into nationwide circulation. Some counties have trouble transporting all the required grain to meet their tax quotas, so it makes sense to pay the government in silver, a medium of exchange that is already abundant amongst landowners, through their own private commercial affairs.
    • The Florentine polymath Leon Battista Alberti begins writing the treatise On Painting, in which he argues for the importance of mathematical perspective, in the creation of three-dimensional vision on a two-dimensional plane. This follows the ideas of Masaccio, and his concepts of linear perspective and vanishing point in artwork.
    • Afonso Gonçalves Baldaia becomes the first European to explore the western coast of Africa, past the Tropic of Cancer.
      • January 20Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shōgun (d. 1490)
      • January 26Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset, Lancastrian military commander during the English Wars of the Roses (d. 1464)
      • February 26Imagawa Yoshitada, 9th head of the Imagawa clan in Japan (d. 1476)
      • April 4Amalia of Saxony, Duchess of Bavaria-Landshut (d. 1501)
      • June 6Regiomontanus, German astronomer (d. 1476)
      • November 5Richard Grey, 3rd Earl of Tankerville, English nobleman, attainted as a Yorkist supporter during the Wars of the Roses (d. 1466)
      • November 16Leonardo Loredan, Doge of Venice (d. 1521)
      • November 26 – Princess Catherine of Portugal, nun and writer (d. 1463)
      • date unknown
        • Sheikh Hamdullah, Anatolian Islamic calligrapher (d. 1520)
        • Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, Spanish cardinal and statesman (d. 1517)
        • Hernando del Pulgar, Spanish writer (d. c. 1492)
        • Abi Ahmet Celebi, chief physician of the
          • Winter – Alexander I Aldea, Prince of Wallachia (probably of illness) (b.1397)
          • May 4Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman and rebel leader (murdered) (b. c. 1390)[2]
          • October 8Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, Dutch sovereign (b. 1401)
          • December 30Louis III, Elector Palatine (b. 1378)
          • date unknown
            1. ^ King, Ross (2000). Brunelleschi's Dome. London: Chatto & Windus. ISBN 0-7011-6903-6.
            2. ^ Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich Prokhorov (1973). Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Macmillan. p. 239.